By Ernest Schofield, Roy Conyers Nesbit
In 1942 a Catalina workforce of 219 Squadron, dependent within the Shetlands, used to be chosen to hold out a chain of most sensible mystery operations, together with a flight to the North Pole. They have been made even as a Norwegian day trip to Spitzbergen to maintain the Germans out of the realm. The flights have been over 24 hours lengthy and reached the boundaries of human patience within the severe chilly. Later, the Squadron supplied conceal for the Russian convoys. Ernest Schofield was once the navigator at the staff and retained the logs. those have been remarkable missions and on 21 September one ended with a Ju88 assault and tragedy: "The pilot's cockpit was once dulled with smoke. Tim was once falling from his seat... We gave him a shot of morphia, for what support it may well have been..."
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Additional resources for Arctic Airmen: The RAF in Spitsbergen and North Russia, 1942
Perhaps the most impressive combat mission flown by Texas’s pilots was that of Lt L. R. Chesley, Jr, who was in the cockpit of his Kingfisher on the battleship’s catapult when a request for air support was picked up. A column of French tanks and trucks had been spotted heading north out of Rabat towards Port Lyautey. Chesley’s Kingfisher was armed with a depth charge that the ship’s mechanics had fixed to explode upon impact. Chesley took off from the catapult and headed for the northern Rabat road.
1955). , USS New York (BB-34): The Old Lady of the Sea, Paducah, Turner Publishing Company (2002). Breyer, Siegfried, Battleships and Battle Cruisers, 1905–1970, New York, Doubleday & Company Inc. (1973). Department of the Navy, “USS Utah, Report of Pearl Harbor Attack,” CINCPAC Action Report Serial 0479 of 15 February, National Archives and Records Administration (1942). Eisenhower, John S. , Intervention: The United States and the Mexican Revolution, 1913–1917, New York, W. W. Norton & Company (1993).
As oil burns cleaner than coal, only a single funnel was required. Antitorpedo bulges (the empty space between the outside of the hull and the outer bulkhead intended to dissipate the explosion of a torpedo warhead) were added to the ships’ sides for added protection. com Antisplinter armor was also added to the armored decks. Most of the casemated secondary batteries located below the main deck were relocated to open-top sponsons built on the sides of the main deck. Aft cage masts were also removed and replaced with short stick (Florida and Utah) or tripod (Arkansas, Wyoming, New York and Texas) masts.