Download Animal Models in Human Psychobiology by George Serban PDF

By George Serban

In March, 1974, a global Symposium used to be held on the Harmonie membership in manhattan to debate a hugely pertinent challenge in ultra-modern examine: the "Rele­ vance of the Animal Psychopathological version to the Human." This assembly was once subsidized by way of the Kittay origin, which introduced jointly a superb crew of scientists all for largely diversified fields of study. This quantity, it truly is was hoping, will exhibit the tone of vigorous and cordial alternate among inter­ nationally popular investigators, together with Dr. I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt from Germany, Dr. Robert A. Hinde from England, Dr. Edward F. Domino from Michigan, and Dr. Pierre Pichot from France, Chairman of the steerage Committee. In his welcoming handle, Mr. Sol Kittay reminded us that guy has completed impressive keep an eye on over his setting yet no longer over himself, and he urged that we should always reexamine our ancestral origins, and seek in animal habit for clues to the knowledge of ordinary and irregular habit in man.

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For example, we are presently investigating the possibility that there may exist monkey analogs to sociopathology and to schizophrenia. The analogs may exist and then again they may not-the data-to- Social Separation in Monkeys 25 date are hardly definitive. If, in fact, they become definitive, we can only hope that they will be viewed with the considerations that presently are afforded definitive human data. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health grants MH-11894, MH-18070, MH47025, and by the Grant Foundation.

The probable relevance of that conclusion to the human case was greatly increased when Harlow demonstrated the role of contact-comfort in the development of a rhesus monkey's attachment to a dummy mother (Harlow, 1958). Secondly, the phenomenon of imprinting draws attention to the termination of behavior and not merely to its activation. When the preferred object is absent, the young animal searches for it and gives distress calls. When visual or auditory contact is regained, the young animal ceases to search and ceases to give distress calls.

Context here has two important implications. First, it is important to observe a given behavior in the context of the natural environment, to see in what situations it naturally occurs. And second, it is important to observe it in the context of the entire behavioral repertoire of the animal being observed. Only thus can the significance of the behavior be understood-its usual outcome and its function. Finally, ethology emphasizes the study of fine nuances of behavior rich in detail and this too I have found to be a very useful emphasis in the study of young humans and the people with whom they interact.

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