By Charles Glass
While the German military marched into Paris on June 14, 1940, nearly 5,000 american citizens remained in Paris. that they had refused or been not able to go away for plenty of diverse purposes; their activities in the course of the process the German profession may turn out to be simply as assorted. Glass interweaves the studies of a few of the people who belonged to this targeted colony of yank expatriates residing in Paris. one of the tales highlighted are these of Charles Bedaux, an American millionaire decided to hold on along with his enterprise affairs as ordinary; Sylvia seashore, proprietor of the well-known English-language book place Shakespeare & corporation; Clara Longworth de Chambrun, patroness of the yank Library in Paris and distantly on the topic of FDR; and Dr. Sumner Jackson, the yank Hospital’s leader physician. those attention-grabbing stories replicate the complex community of choices—passive compromise, outright collaboration, sufferer retreat, and energetic resistance—that existed for americans stuck within the German net.
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Additional info for Americans in Paris: Life and Death under Nazi Occupation 1940-1944
Anti-armour mines would be emplaced outside the barbed wire along with some anti-personnel mines (8). The listening post (9), accessed via a crawl trench, was manned at night to guard against inﬁltration. Flare pistols were used to signal other strongpoints and command posts that a strongpoint was under attack, with coloured ﬂare combinations identifying the type of attack and direction. The large red arrow (feindwärts) indicates the direction towards the enemy. and lower branches were selectively removed and the bare cut marks smeared with mud so that the enemy unknowingly entered the ﬁeld of ﬁre.
These were simple, hastily built positions serving to prevent surprise attacks, keep enemy patrols at bay, send out their own patrols, and warn of the enemy’s approach. com The shadowy ﬁgure of a sentry stands guard over a canvas-wrapped machine-gun post. The position has been revetted with hay bails. Even though they were open-topped, these bails helped insulate the position. 49 Key to symbols: Anti-armour ditch Btn command post Coy command post Heavy machine gun Infantry gun Light anti-armour gun Light machine gun Mineﬁeld 8cm medium mortar Observation post Roadblock 50 make the enemy believe that this was a mainline or to mislead him into thinking the mainline was in a different direction.
The blasting was completed by noon and by night the craters were ﬁnished by infantrymen with hand tools, covered with lumber, logs and snow, and occupied. Smoke soon rose from the bunkers, where the troops kept warm with open ﬁres. Outposts were established forward of the bunkers, and abatis obstacles were laid in front of these, with anti-armour guns emplaced on higher ground covering the tank obstacles. The entire line was prepared within 12 hours of the ﬁrst detonation. The engineers who prepared the positions suffered 40 per cent frostbite casualties, but the next day division frostbite casualties dropped from 800 to four.