Download Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines by Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace PDF

By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council

This publication examines power applied sciences for exchanging antipersonnel landmines by way of 2006, the U.S. goal date for signing a world treaty banning those guns. replacement applied sciences to interchange Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the position that expertise can play to permit yes guns for use extra selectively, decreasing the risk to uninvolved civilians whereas bettering the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are a big weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the continual type may cause unintentional casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences might substitute a few, yet now not all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines by way of 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may well put off the landmine absolutely, whereas maintaining the mandatory functionalities that brand new mines offer to the army.

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Extra info for Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines

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The first oneyear moratorium on exports became law on October 23, 1992, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993. The United States thus became the first country to enact legislation controlling APL. The moratorium was extended to four years in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 and to five years in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1996. On January 17, 1997, President Clinton announced that the United States would permanently ban the export and transfer of APL (White House, 1997a).

Track III guidance was eventually focused on the development of materiel or nonmateriel alternatives to replace all landmines. Nicknamed RATTLER (rapid tactical terrain limiter), a number of working groups were formed to carry out the first phase of the Track III program. An array of 74 refined ideas were gradually reduced to 22 idea categories, then 17 initial concepts, nine combined concepts, and eventually seven final concepts, three of which are undergoing concept exploration by industry (and are considered proprietary).

Advanced technology weapons, platforms, and sensors will significantly increase the capabilities of some military forces. Concept for Future Joint Operations NATIONAL SECURITY ENVIRONMENTS AND THE CONTEXT FOR LANDMINES • Microtechnology and biotechnology will create new areas for activity and competition; breakthroughs are likely in the military application of directed energy; and information technology will be vital to military operations. S. and allied targeting. , man-portable air defenses, advanced space capabilities, information operations, landmines, chemical and biological weapons, and terrorism) as substitutes for, or complements to, large conventional forces.

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