By Michael Wilcockson
This e-book is recommended through OCR to be used with the Christian Theology unit of the OCR AS non secular reports specification. it's also designed to problem scholars to head past the specification and will hence be used as an advent to theology for the final reader in addition to these getting ready to review theology at college. gains contain: - Key questions in the course of the chapters to assist scholars concentrate on key matters - keyword phrases outlined and defined during the chapters - Profiles of key participants - their contribution and value - precis diagrams to help revision - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - Exam-style questions and counsel on the finish of every bankruptcy.
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Extra resources for Access to Religion and Philosophy. Christian Theology
4 Discuss the view that classical theism leaves no place for genuine freedom. 40 FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Revision checklist Can you give brief definitions of: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ✓ formal and material causes immanence transcendence ens and esse of God divine simplicity. Can you explain: ■ ■ ■ ■ God’s actus purus God as primary and secondary cause why angels have formal cause but no material cause what it means for humans to be created in both the likeness and image of God. Can you give arguments for and against: ■ ■ ■ process theology’s challenge to Aquinas’ classical theism the view that Aquinas’ theology of creation is undermined by modern science belief in angels is not irrational.
Dipolarity echoes what Aristotle considered to be the form/matter relationship but without a telos. Process thought offers a non-teleological account of God’s relationship to matter. It redefines God’s chief attributes so that transcendence is permanence not separateness, and omnipotence is his persistent and loving persuasion, not force or coercion. ’ IAN G. BARBOUR, ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND RELIGION, 463 ii) God’s providence and miracles According to Aquinas, God can perform acts which don’t follow the normal expected course of events; in other words God can and does perform miracles.
Some theologians have argued that maybe Aquinas’ insistence on creation ex nihilo needs to be revised. Their argument is that Genesis doesn’t really support an ex nihilo explanation – at the time it would have been presumed that matter of some kind had always existed, but what God did was to give it form and purpose. A modified ex nihilo allows us to abandon the problem of needing a beginning without harming God’s unique sovereignty. As Keith Ward argues, God provides an explanation why there is a universe.