By World Bank, UNICEF
Why abolish institution charges in Africa? the reply turns out visible: to accomplish the suitable to schooling for all and therefore advertise equitable participation in monetary progress and political motion. notwithstanding, relocating from a approach in line with person charges, which stifled enrollment of the poorest and such a lot susceptible young ones, to 1 of unfastened simple schooling for everybody has hidden expenditures if the hassle is unplanned or underplanned. The fast and dramatic inflow of scholars can overburden the schooling process and compromise caliber as a result of an absence of certified academics, a rise at school measurement, and the lack of school-level investment. one of these consequence merits nobody. Abolishing university charges in Africa starts with a comparative evaluate of the methods, demanding situations, and classes realized through 5 international locations that had already abolished college charges: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, and Mozambique. the next chapters delineate the particular reports of every of the nations in making plans and enforcing their regulations. This quantity could be worthwhile to nationwide coverage makers and their improvement companions civil society, the non-public quarter, improvement corporations in efforts to open entry to a top quality uncomplicated schooling to all.
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Extra info for Abolishing School Fees in Africa: Lessons Learned in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and Mozambique (Africa Human Development Series)
Similar increases in enrollment in the year following fee abolition have occurred in many other countries; for example, Cameroon, 26 percent in total primary enrollment (59 percent in grade 1); Lesotho, 11 percent in total enrollment (75 percent in grade 1); Tanzania, 23 percent in total enrollment (43 percent in grade 1); and Uganda, 68 percent in total enrollment. This clearly demonstrates the importance of fee abolition and cost considerations in determining whether parents will be able to enroll and maintain their children at school.
This approach has also been used in other countries (Madagascar, Tanzania, and Uganda). 31 Advantages. The Ghana study in chapter 3 concludes that the use of capitation grants is a pro-poor strategy since “it is the poor, in particular, who have responded by enrolling their children in school. The strategy has also narrowed gender and geographical differences” (p. 117). The study also concludes that using capitation grants is a relatively simple and cost-effective strategy for achieving an immediate impact on access.
This support was most closely related to the fee abolition in Ghana, Kenya, and Mozambique. 22 • Abolishing School Fees in Africa WHAT ARE THE PRACTICAL LESSONS LEARNED FROM THESE FIVE COUNTRIES? The five case studies all draw lessons from the implementation of the fee abolition policies. The following lessons in particular deserve to be highlighted. POLITICAL LEADERSHIP When fee abolition is a major departure from current policies, strong political leadership at the highest level is a prerequisite for successful implementation.